Being a Muslim, Faith on five pillars of Islam is very important. These five pillars are:
- Shahada (Oneness of ALLAH)
- Salat (Prayers)
- Roza (Fasting)
- Zakat (Charity)
- Hajj ( To make Pilgrimage)
Hajj is the 5th important pillar of Islam. It is obligatory for every Muslim to perform this annual pilgrimage (HAJJ) to Makkah once in a lifetime if he is physically and financially sound.
The history of hajj roots to around 2000BC when ALLAH ordered Prophet Ibrahim to leave his wife Hazrat Hajra and son Hazrat Ismail alone in the deserts of Makkah. Where Hazrat Hajra desperately ran between the mountains of Safa and Marwa in search of water for her son. she found nothing, and on her return to Hazrat Ismail, she saw the baby scratching the ground with his feet and water fountain sprang forth underneath his foot. Later Prophet Ibrahim was commanded by ALLAH to build Kaab’ah at this Place and invite people to pilgrimage there.
From that day Hajj started with number of rituals to be performed from 8th Zil Hajj (the last Islamic Month) to 12th Zil Hajj according to Islamic calender.
There are three (3) types of Hajj:
- Hajj Tamattu ( performing Umrah and Hajj with a separate Ihram for Each)
- Hajj Qiran (combining umrah and Hajj in same Ihram)
- Hajj Ifrad (only Hajj)
The people outside from Saudi Arabia Usually perform Hajj Tamattu. The pilgrims wear Ihram for Umrah and perform Umrah first. Then they put on their ordinary dress and on 8th Zil Hajj they put on Ihram for Hajj and perform the rites of Hajj. It (the Ihram) is then taken off on the day of Sacrifice (Qurbani).
Day wise Detail of Hajj
8th Zil Hajj
First Day of Hajj
8thZil Hajj starts after the Maghrib prayer of 7th Zil Hajj. The Pilgrims will make their preparations for Hajj same as they got prepared for Umrah. I.e. they will take bath/ Ghusal, set intention, wear Ihram and declare Talbiya.
Departure to Mina from Azizia
On 8th Zil Hajj after Fajr prayers OR after the sunrise the Pilgrims will leave towards Mina from Azizia while reciting
اللّهُ أكبر اللّهُ أكبر, لا إلَهَ الا اللّه, اللّهُ أكبر اللّهُ اكبر, و لِلّه الحمدَ
. Here they will offer remaining four Prayers (Zuhr, Asar, Maghrib and Isha) and will stay overnight in Mina.
9th Zil Hajj
Second Day of Hajj
Departure for Arafat from Mina
After Fajr prayers in Mina. The pilgrims will proceed to Arafat ground. Here they will offer Zuhrain (Zuhar+Asar).
Departure for Muzdalifa from Arafat
After Zuhrain in Arafat, the Pilgrims will move towards Muzdalifa after sunset (decling of Sunset), where they will offer Maghribain (combined prayers of Maghrib & Isha prayers) and stay overnight. During different intervals of night, the pilgrims will collect 49 very small size pebbles for next day.
10th Zil Hajj 1st Day of Eid
On the first day of Eid, the pilgrims will leave for Mina from Muzdalifa after Fajr Prayers. At Mina they will stone Jamarat ul Kubra and will perform Qurbani. After the ritual of Qurbani male Pilgrims will shave their heads and female will clip their hair as part of the Hajj. Now the pilgrims are free to remove their Ihram and wear their ordinary dresses and can perform Tawaf al Ifada. Two (2) Rakat of Nawafil will be offered near Maqam e Ibrahim.They will drink zamzam after performing Sa’ey i.e. 7 runs between Safwah & Marwah and will stay overnight in Mina.
11th Zil Hajj 2nd Day of Eid
On second day of Eid, the pilgrims will proceed to Jamarat from Mina after Zuhr prayers. They will stone all the three Jamarats (Jamarat e Sughra, Jamarat e Wusta and Jamarat e Qubra) in sequence from small to large by throwing 7 pebbles each. After completion of this ritual, pilgrims will go back to Mina for night stay.
12th Zil Hajj 3rd Day of Eid
Last day of Eid will again start by proceeding towards Jamarats from Mina after Zuhar Prayers. 4th day stoning of Jamarat will be completed from small to large. After stoning Pilgrims will leave for Makkah before Sunset. Before leaving Makkah, the pilgrims will perform Tawaf ul Wadda (Goodbye Tawaf). At this stage all the obligatory rituals of Hajj are completed.